Parts of a Roof

Roof damage is a common problem that can threaten the structure of your home. Understanding and knowing the parts of a roof can help you determine whether it is worth repair or replacement. This type and extent of damage are the biggest factors to repair or replace your roof by Roofer Newark De


Like joists, rafters are sloped structural pieces that create the skeleton of your roof. However, whereas joists are usually 2x4s, rafters are made from wider timbers. They run from the ridge to eave and support the roof deck, shingles and anything else that goes on top of the shingles. They are also used in attics and other unfinished spaces for insulation.

When you’re repairing a roof that has been fitted with shingle tiles, it’s important to use the same type of tile as the originals. Using different types may cause damage and could lead to leaks and other problems in the future. It’s also a good idea to repair or replace the battens. These are the narrow strips of material that support the underfelt and prevent it from sagging behind the fascia boards which can rot or cause dampness to the soffit and wall below.


Roof battens are thin strips of wood, plastic, or metal that are installed on a roof before tiles are placed on it. They have multiple purposes, including fastening the tiles, elevating them off the roof deck to ensure drainage, and providing a thermal barrier for energy savings. However, they can also collect debris and become a haven for critters. This can cause rot and leaks.

When it comes to installing a new roof, you want to make sure that you're working with an experienced and reputable contractor. To ensure this, look for one that is accredited by organizations such as the Confederation of Roofing Contractors (CORC), Federation of Master Builders (FMB), and TrustMark. Additionally, they should have a website that features testimonials and case studies.

It's important to use high quality materials when working on a roof. This is because these materials will have a significant impact on the overall quality of your finished product. If you're using wooden battens, make sure that they're a good quality and have been treated properly. In addition, you should also use galvanized or sherardized nails to attach them to the rafters. Ideally, the nails should penetrate at least 40 mm into the rafter.

Ideally, you should stagger the joints of the battens on different rafters to prevent water runoff and other problems. If you don't, moisture will build up between the battens, causing them to rot quickly. Additionally, this can create gaps in the insulation and lead to water leaks.

Once you've cut your battens to size, it's time to start nailing them in place. Using a string line as a guide, start with the lowest batten and work up to the ridge tile. If you need to, adjust the 'gauge' as you go so that the lowest batten will fit the bottom of the ridge tile.

Once you've finished nailing in the lower battens, move on to the next course of tiles. Start with the bottom course and work your way up the roof, overlapping each row by about 25 mm as you go. When you reach the ridge tile, use a flat pry bar to lift up any tiles that don't come out easily.


Flashing is a sheet of metal or other material that covers seams and transitions in the roof, particularly around vents, chimneys, dormers, sidewalls, skylights, roof valleys, drains, and other projections. It can be made from a variety of materials, including copper, lead, galvanized steel, and aluminum. It’s designed to be durable, but it is exposed to the elements every day and can develop leaks if not properly cared for.

It’s common for the flashing to develop small holes over time, due to corrosion or wear. This is easily fixed, however. You’ll need to wipe away any sharp edges with a stiff-bristled brush, and then apply a liberal coat of roof sealant over the hole. This will help to prevent further damage, and it will keep water from seeping into your home through the damaged area.

For larger holes, you will need to remove the flashing unit from the roof and replace it. Start by removing any shingles covering the flange of the flashing, then pry it up and remove any nails that are protruding through the bottom of the flange. You will then need to cut a piece of the new flashing to size, and then place it over the hole and secure it with more roof sealant. Make sure to cover all of the screw heads with caulking as well.

Roof flashing can be a tricky part of a project, but with a little care and attention it can last for many years to come. It’s worth taking a look at it periodically to make sure that there are no areas where the flashing is developing leaks or other problems. If you do spot something, it’s always best to have a professional take a look at it, as they’ll be able to catch these problems before they get any worse.

It’s important to have your roof flashing checked regularly, as it is one of the most vulnerable parts of your entire roof system. This will not only prevent leaks, but it will also help to ensure that the other elements of your roof are protected.


Tiles are a common material used in building construction, and are typically made of clay materials. They are shaped to the desired shape by different methods and then fired in a kiln to harden them. They are a primary element in bringing roofs to life and adding beauty to buildings, but they can also be damaged by weather conditions like wind or debris that blows over the roof. Most often, the damage is to individual tiles. The damage can be repaired, adjusted or replaced with new ones.

It is important to get any tile repairs done as soon as possible, because if the damage is not addressed, it can cause leaks and other problems that could affect the integrity of the whole roof. Getting the repair done as soon as possible will reduce the need for expensive replacements.

When a roof tile is damaged, it is essential to have the repair done by a qualified professional. A good contractor will be able to replace the damaged tile without causing any additional damage to the rest of the roof. To do this, they will first pry up the broken tile or break it into pieces if necessary. They will then remove any nails that were holding it to the batten. They will then mix roofing cement and layer it on the underside of the tile that has been removed. They will then place the new tile in place and gently press it to level it with the other tiles.

The roof should be inspected regularly for any signs of damage to the tiles, or for signs of leaking. It is also important to check the underside of the roof deck from the attic for any evidence of leaks around flashings and at any other points where there may be a gap between the roof deck and the structure of the house. If the roof is prone to leaks, it may be a good idea to install a rubber sheet over the roof. In addition, it is a good idea to lay down heavy padding and hang a self-supporting ladder over the ridge of the roof. This will help to protect the roof from any additional damage caused by foot traffic on the tiles.

Roof damage is a common problem that can threaten the structure of your home. Understanding and knowing the parts of a roof can help you determine whether it is worth repair or replacement. This type and extent of damage are the biggest factors to repair or replace your roof by Roofer Newark De.  Rafters Like joists,…